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Treatment for Hypothyroidism

What is Hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism is an under production of thyroid hormones - it is quite common, and often undetected. When you are healthy your thyroid makes a balance of the hormones T4 and T3. These hormones regulate our metabolism and most organs, including your heart. Your body reacts to increases or decreases in thyroid hormone production by speeding up or slowing down the rate at which they function. Hypothyroidism means not enough thyroid hormones are being produced and your bodily functions tend to slow down.

The Symptoms of Hypothyroidism

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Depression
  • Constipation
  • Memory loss
  • Irritability
  • Hair loss
  • Coarse, dry hair
  • Dry, rough pale skin
  • Decreased libido
  • Extreme Intolerance to Cold Temperatures
  • Muscle cramps and frequent muscle aches
  • Weight gain or increased difficulty losing weight
  • Abnormal menstrual cycles

What Causes Hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism is often caused by one of two things - an inflammation of the thyroid gland, or a a low performing pituitary gland. An inflamed thyroid can kill or damage the thyroid cells, leaving the thyroid unable to produce the proper amount of hormones. Hashimoto’s disease is characterized by an inflamed thyroid.

Less frequently, hypothyroidism is caused by a faulty pituitary gland. When the pituitary gland does not produce enough of a hormone that stimulated the thyroid (TSH) the thyroid simply does not know to make the hormones.

Hypothyroidism Treatment Options

There is not a one-size-fits-all solution to treat hypothyroidism. There are many things to consider before choosing a medication to treat each patient. Commonly, a synthetic form of T4, called levothyroxine, is administered one a day. Levothyroxine is available in many different strengths, however, sometimes dosage requirements can change quickly. It is essential to have a pharmacist that is ready to customize your thyroid medication as your body adjusts. All the pharmacists at Myers Medical are available to assist in monitoring your medication as directed by your doctor. Optimal results come from our attentive care and professional experience with hypothyroidism.

If you have a question about this condition or any of the medications available to treat it, please feel free to use the "Email Us" button at the top of the page, or call us.